Ficus is a genus of approximately 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, and vines in the family, Moraceae. Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. The common fig, Ficus Carica, is a temperate species native to the Mediterranean region and grown from Afghanistan to Italy to Portugal. It has been widely cultivated from ancient times for its fruit. Figs are also of considerable culture importance throughout the tropics, both as objects of worship and for their many practical uses.